Interior of a one-room apartment
Today in the housing market, one-room apartments are very popular. This is not surprising, because for relatively little money, the buyer gets his own home and confidence in his future. The main task that arises before each owner is the need to fit everything you need for a comfortable life in a small space. Planning, zoning and rational use of every centimeter of space are the main components of a successful interior design.
If one person plans to live in an apartment, then there will hardly be any big difficulties with the organization of a comfortable space. But placing a whole family on 30 square meters is not an easy task. In such a situation, it is necessary at the very initial stage to calculate all the nuances and strictly follow the plan.
Any, even the smallest, apartment begins with a corridor space. In the interior of a one-room apartment, the planning of this part of the room must be approached especially carefully. Installing cabinets from floor to ceiling will help solve the problem of storing some of your belongings.
Most likely, you will have to refuse to buy ready-made furniture, since it will not meet all the requirements.
The standard length of a clothes hanger is 42-43 centimeters, plus 3-4 centimeters add warm clothes, that is, the depth of the wardrobe can be 50 centimeters against ready-made models from 70 and more. Often, a custom-made design provides space for a washing machine and household utensils: a vacuum cleaner, a mop, a bucket, a broom.
To visually expand the space, it is necessary to install as many reflective surfaces as possible. Sliding mirrored cabinet doors, a large mirror in the floor near the door or even on it, will help get rid of the feeling of constraint and piling up. This will also be facilitated by multi-level spot lighting. But the shelves for small things will have to be abandoned, they can make it difficult to move and create an atmosphere of clutter.
The next premises in need of reorganization are the bathroom and toilet. There are several options depending on the footage and technical features of the premises.
Moving the restroom to the bathroom will make it possible to free up the whole room for storing things. Usually, the toilet space is quite narrow, therefore it is necessary to use pull-out brackets and multilevel shelves. In this case, it is better to refuse the door, replacing it with a special door.
Another option: combining the toilet with the bathroom by demolishing the wall. By choosing this method, you can more intelligently place all the necessary plumbing elements. If it was decided not to install the washing machine in this room, then it is better to put the sink in the corner. Otherwise, the traditional horizontal placement along the wall remains.
You can consider installing the machine under a washbasin or under a single countertop, so the space will be more harmonious.
When it becomes necessary to use every centimeter of the room, you should pay attention to the installation system with a hanging toilet.This design takes up little space and does not visually clutter up the room.
Most likely, you will have to give up a full bath, replacing it with a shower. It is best not to buy a ready-made cockpit model. In a self-built shower room, you can adjust not only the dimensions, but also provide a built-in place for shelves for bath accessories. If, nevertheless, the presence of a bath is a prerequisite, then you need to competently approach the use of the space under it. Instead of tiles as cladding, use shoe-opening panels. In this case, a place for cleaning agents can be provided on them.
Having placed the plumbing in the corners, the remaining one can be used under a small cabinet a pencil case. It is better to order it for the ceiling and with a mirrored door. Thus, there will be a place for towels and other necessary things, and the mirror will move the space apart.
The cooking area is an essential element of any home. It does not matter whether it is a separate room or combined with a room, the compactness and functionality of its layout is important.
First you need to decide on the placement of household appliances. With a small footage of the room, built-in equipment is not a whim, but an important condition for a competent interior. A microwave oven, food processor, blender and toaster lined up on the work surface not only take up space, but also visually clutter up a small space.
If there is not enough space for a kitchen set, there is a need for additional work surfaces. One of the options is pull-out zones. They can be mounted under the main tabletop or you can purchase a transformer table.
Another way to increase the usable area is to use the windowsill and the space around it. Some combine it with a kitchen set as a single worktop, others use it as a table. In the houses of the old series, you can often see a kind of cold cabinet under the kitchen window sill. It is being converted into a regular kitchen cabinet.
Separately, it is necessary to mention such a method of expanding the area as joining a balcony.
There is no direct prohibition on such actions, but often difficulties arise when agreeing on the BTI plan. To avoid this, you need to know some of the nuances.
It is forbidden to transfer heating radiators to the balcony. This is due to an increase in the amount of heat required to heat the entire house. The same argument is put forward by the commission when it refuses to legitimize the redevelopment. This problem can be solved by installing sliding doors or French windows. As a result, a single functional space will be obtained, and the acceptors will not have a formal basis for refusal.
If the house is not monolithic, then the balcony block is part of the load-bearing wall. In this case, dismantling is prohibited. In such conditions, it is possible not to install windows and doors, and use the rest of the window sill wall as a table top.
When joining the balcony to the main room, it is necessary to perform high-quality insulation. Otherwise, the inner surface of the wall will remain cold, condensation will form on it, which will lead to the appearance of mold and mildew.
The only room in a one-room apartment carries a very large functional load. This is a sleeping place, a living room and a dining room. Multifunctional furniture can help in organizing the space. Numerous models of such furniture are presented on the modern market, from well-known sofa beds to wardrobes.
Such functional items are more expensive than ordinary ones, but in conditions of limited space they help to achieve the desired result.
Every year, interior designers offer new ideas for decorating apartments, choosing trendy colors and styles. But over time, certain trends persist that have proven their worth and relevance.For a one-room apartment, these time-tested solutions are the best fit.
Furniture manufacturers have proven that modern interior items can be not only original design, but also perform a lot of functions at the same time. This allows you to abandon a large number of accessories as a decoration technique, while maintaining the style and sophistication of the interior at the expense of furniture. When decorating the interior of a one-room apartment, it is necessary to abandon a large number of decorative elements. This will avoid the feeling of clutter in the room. Modern multifunctional furniture will allow you to do this.
In an apartment of a small area, every free corner is important. Only using high-quality materials in decoration can you achieve a perfectly harmonious space. Custom-made furniture is more expensive than standard counterparts. But in this case, all the features of the premises and the needs of the buyer can be foreseen.
A cozy apartment is distinguished not only by a well-zoned and functional space, but also by the general style of the entire room. A small footage should not affect the beauty of the interior; a correctly chosen design will help this.
It disposes of its lightness, simplicity and naturalness. The materials used are mainly natural - wood, stone, linen, cotton. The furniture is simple and functional. The main colors of this style are white, beige, light gray, bluish.
This does not mean that you need to give up bright colors, they act as accents. Contrasting colors are used in textiles: blankets, pillows, woven rugs. Accessories can also be in juicy shades, the main thing is that there should not be many of them.
The abundance of light involves the use of light curtains or blinds. The walls are usually decorated with plaster or painted in the same tone. The floor is covered with parquet or laminate imitating natural light wood species. This style is characterized by the installation of multi-level lighting.
This style perfectly reflects the main principle of a small apartment - functionality. Straight, clear lines prevail in furniture and decor elements. All storage spaces are mounted as discreetly as possible. The decoration uses clean, laconic colors.
High-tech is characterized by the use of sliding partitions. They are made of glass and visually do not hide the space. A large number of mirrors, chrome elements and metal are also welcome.
There is a minimum of decor, mainly black and white paintings, photographs. Modern household appliances do not hide behind kitchen facades, but act as an independent design element. A good solution would be to install a large number of multi-level spot lighting: floor and wall lamps, backlighting.
Due to its brevity and the use of industrial materials, a high-tech interior can be very cold and uncomfortable. For this reason, it is worth diluting this design a little by adding elements from the pop art or avant-garde style.
Accessories typical of these directions will go well with the basic concept and will add brightness and dynamism to the entire interior.
This style is considered the most successful when decorating small apartments. Its distinctive feature is the use of laconic and functional furniture, light, calm colors, a minimum of decoration.
Materials with this design should be as natural as possible. A wooden floor is used on the floor, the walls are covered with plaster or plain wallpaper.
All space, as well as furniture, must be kept in clear geometric shapes: rectangle, square, oval. Glass and mirrored partitions are welcome.
It is a mistake to think that when designing a 1-room apartment, you need to abandon such cozy, warm and home styles as Provence, classic and ethno. It's just that when decorating the interior, it is worth reducing the number of decorative details, choosing calm tones as the main color scheme and using transforming furniture that suits the general atmosphere of the room.
The general rule when decorating the interior of a one-room apartment is to avoid overloading the space. This also applies to the color palette.
The choice of pastel, light colors can be considered universal. Separate functional areas should be highlighted with bright accents. This can be achieved by painting part of the wall or by adding colored textiles. But do not forget that the abundance of blankets, decorative pillows can overload the interior.
If the kitchen units are built into a separate niche, the choice of bright glossy facades will be an interesting and original solution. In the case of a standard arrangement, it is better not to focus attention on it, and buy furniture in discreet shades. In the cooking area, you can add color by purchasing brightly colored dishes and napkins under the utensils.
When decorating a corridor, it is not recommended to use wallpaper with a frequent, repeating pattern. Due to the fact that the space is narrow, this wall decor will ripple in the eyes.
In the design of a one-room apartment, color accents can act as one of the ways of zoning space.
The most important role in planning the interior of a one-room apartment is played by the correct allocation of the necessary functional areas. Space zoning can be permanent and transformative.
Permanent methods include the delimitation of space by built partitions. It is better to make them not completely solid, so you can avoid the appearance of dark corners. This does not apply to the allocation of a berth. But when building a niche for a bed, you need to remember about air circulation, otherwise you can get a stuffy space. This can be avoided by combining drywall partitions with lightweight curtains.
A small partition located in the middle of the common space can separate the dining area from the living room if there is no wall between the kitchen and the room. On the one hand, a TV is placed on it, on the other, a small table with chairs is placed. Glass sliding doors will do the trick as well.
For a family with a child, it is important that a separate children's area is allocated in the apartment. If the child is very small, his crib can be separated from the common room by a screen. For older children, a podium is suitable: a play and work area is placed at the top, and the bed is pulled out if necessary.
A family with two children should buy a bunk bed or a special children's complex: there is a working area at the bottom, and sleeping places at the top.
It is better to take a men's office or women's workshop to a warmed balcony, covering the space with French windows.
For a young man or girl, you can zone a room using only color and light. If a person lives alone, there is no need for stationary partitions.
Furniture arrangement options
In a one-room apartment there should be only a minimum of necessary furniture, otherwise the interior will be overloaded, there will be a feeling of a warehouse of unnecessary things. Therefore, at the planning stage, it is necessary to clearly imagine all the functionality of the future room.
Storage space can be arranged in the hallway. If space permits, we install a built-in wardrobe with mirrored sliding doors. Otherwise, you will have to store clothes and shoes in the room. It is worth paying attention to multifunctional furniture. In a niche, you can install a stationary bed with a built-in storage system, sofas and poufs also often have special compartments for things.
It is better to use a converted window sill as a table or work area.Folding or folding tabletops can also save space. If a partition has been installed in the room, then a folding table can be attached to one of its sides for work or study. Chairs are also worth purchasing a folding type. When assembled, they do not take up much space, but they can be placed on hooks driven into the wall.
The crib should be placed next to the parents' bed. For the privacy of the child, it can be fenced off with a sliding screen or a light canopy.
A competent distribution of the functions of furniture and, if possible, their maximum combination, will help create a comfortable and harmonious environment.
How to beat the layout?
Small apartments can be sold both with wall partitions and as a studio. The layout of the future apartment depends on the desire and ability of the owners to erect or demolish walls.
The interior of the studio assumes the presence of a maximum of open space. Usually, the project already has a separate place for the bathroom area and the kitchen area. This is due to the location of the building communications. Therefore, future tenants have to plan the premises, taking into account these features.
In small apartments no more than 18 sq. m, the bathroom is not separated by walls, since a certain area is required for their construction, but opaque partitions are installed. A shower corner and a toilet fit behind them. The kitchen area is located in a small niche where the minimum of necessary items can be placed.
In such apartments, it makes no sense to try to organize a separate stationary sleeping place. There is enough space for a sofa bed and low bedside tables for storing clothes.
Many are trying to get rid of the walls in a one-room apartment. But the presence of a separate kitchen, albeit a small one, has a number of significant advantages. And if you can't demolish the walls, don't be upset. A separate room will eliminate noise and unpleasant odors during cooking.
In modern monolithic and panel houses, the kitchen has a good footage. If you place the set along two walls, then the remaining space, preferably by the window, can be turned into a cozy soft corner.
When planning a corner apartment with two windows, it becomes possible to organize a full-fledged closed sleeping place with a natural source of light.
Examples of projects for different areas
All one-room apartments can be divided by area into:
- Small (16, 18, 20, 23, 30, 31 sq. M);
- Medium (32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37 sq. M);
- Large (38, 40, 43, 45 sq. M).
Consider project options for different groups.
Apartments with a minimum footage are often called dormitories. 16-18 square meters have the shape of an elongated rectangle ending in a rather narrow window. It is possible to arrange furniture in such a room only parallel to the walls. A hanger for outerwear is placed at the door, followed by a small bathroom, a kitchen area, a sofa is placed at the opposite wall.
Often, the owners donate part of the space near one of the walls and mount a niche along it. It contains a kitchen, a wardrobe with mirrored doors, a TV and shelves for storing the necessary little things. This form of the room is the most successful with a minimum volume, since there is a natural, progressive zoning that does not require additional structures.
In Russia, idle industrial buildings have recently begun to be converted into residential apartments. Having bought a small apartment in such a building, you can become the owner of a two-level premises. For 20 square meters, a separate sleeping area is allocated due to the height of the ceiling. The layout of the lower floor does not differ from the typical living room.
One-room apartments of medium size are the most common in our country. The reorganization of the space in such rooms depends on the series of the house.If there is a possibility of demolishing the walls, then it is better to use this, since almost all kitchens have a very modest footage. Use sliding structures - glass or mirrors as partitions.
In such apartments, the main attention should be paid to the organization of storage space. In the Khrushchevs, you can find a pantry in the corridor. It can be successfully transformed into a spacious wardrobe. A shallow niche in the room is ideal for a dressing room. The deeper one should be given under the bedroom.
At 34-36 sq. m it will be possible to arrange a workplace. It is placed mainly by the window, using a window sill as a tabletop. Thus, there is no need to install an additional horizontal surface, the working area has a natural light source.
It is recommended to actively use the window space in the kitchen area. One option is to move the sink to the window. As a result, we have a beautiful, harmonious space. The only negative is that splashing water stains the glass. A small transparent screen at the bottom of the window helps to solve this problem.
By extending or lengthening the kitchen window sill, you can get a place for the dining area. Another option is a folding table.
One-room apartments, large in size, began to appear in houses of new series. They are distinguished by spacious kitchens. They freely accommodate a modern kitchen set and a dining or living area. The rest of the room is decorated with a full bedroom with a spacious storage system.
If a family with a child plans to live in the apartment, then the room can be divided into two small ones. It is preferable to give the area with a window to a child, and install an air conditioner for adults.
Beautiful ideas for inspiration
- Not only structures made of plasterboard, wood or glass can be used as partitions, but also large aquariums and modern artificial fireplaces. The transparent design will not clutter up the room, but will create a cozy and peaceful atmosphere;
- If the owners are not ready to give up their favorite accessories, then they should be placed in a through partition. When designing, holes of the required size are provided in it, where a collection, for example, vases, will fit perfectly;
- Light, light curtains will not only help to hide the sleeping place, but will also serve as an independent decorative element;
- A mirror surface installed opposite the window will expand the space and let in more light into the room;
- Place the TV on the small swing-out structure that separates the kitchen from the living room. Depending on the need, you can watch it while relaxing on the couch or preparing dinner for the whole family;
- Another way to separate the kitchen from the room is to install a sofa with its back to the dining table, this will allow you to designate different zones without unnecessary hassle;
- Use different materials for flooring in different functional areas. Thanks to this, it is possible to delimit the space without using bulky structures;
- With an elongated, dark room, install a false window as a partition. It will let in light, and if necessary, it can be closed with curtains;
- Install many lighting fixtures at different heights, thereby you can highlight the area you need at the moment;
- If the height of the room allows, you can build a podium, then even in the smallest apartment there will be a full-fledged sleeping place, put forward for the duration of the rest;
- A mirror attached to the front door will not only expand any corridor, but also make gathering more convenient;
- When starting renovations in a one-room apartment, remember that the less furniture, the better. Modern transformers will help to hide the bed in the closet, make six small stools from one pouf, or place a whole wardrobe under the berth;
- Do not be afraid to bring bright color accents into a small room.With their help, separate zones are distinguished and create a lively, dynamic interior. Remember, moderation is key in everything.
In the design of a one-room apartment, it is important to thoroughly calculate every nuance. Competent zoning of space, the use of custom-made furniture will create a beautiful interior that meets all the needs of the owner. If we move away from stereotypes and apply non-standard solutions when planning, each family member will receive his own cozy corner, perfectly in harmony with the general atmosphere of the house.
Tips for arranging a one-room apartment are shared with us by the designer in the next video.